Travel to Turkey
Day 4 Cappadocia (Nevşehir, Ürgüp, Zelve, Göreme)
Nevşehir: Its name means "new town". Considered the capital of Cappadocia is a relatively large village which had the fortress perched on the hill overlooking the city. Built in Seljuk period, it is the oldest building of Nevşehir. The town has several mosques.
Ürgüp: This city is located amid the curious formations of Cappadocia. It highlights its ornate cave houses, the fortress of Kadi Kalesi and the Karamanoğulları Mosque
Red Valley: From Ürgüp we arrived at the Red Valley or Kizil Vadi Valley, where is located the Church of Uzumlu of the ninth century.
Kizil Vadi Valley
Valley of Zelve: In this valley it is one of the best examples of troglodyte cities. The Zelve open-air Museum occupies three valleys where had been excavated hundreds of homes, churches and tunnels that protected from the winter cold and summer heat its inhabitants. A lot of their churches were decorated during the iconoclastic era. These homes must have been inhabited until recently, as there is a mosque made of stone and cement.
Ask Vadisi: Ask Vadisi or the Valley of Love, is named after the phallic shapes of their chimney.
Göreme National Park (Göreme Milli Parklar), also known as open air museum of Göreme, was declared in 1985 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1985. The settlements in the area began in the third and fourth centuries, when Christians in the Roman period founded several monasteries. Like most buildings in Cappadocia, it was not buildings, but dug into the rock in the form of artificial caves sites. There are still remnants of monuments, chapels, bedrooms, warehouses and churches, many of them decorated with frescoes of the eleventh and twelfth centuries.
In the national park you can visit several of their religious sites. Sandal Church is named for the cavities in the floor resemble footprints. In this church there is a fresco depicting Judas' betrayal. Dark Church, named for its few windows, and whose lack of inner light helped preserve its frescoes. The Church of the snake has frescoes of St. George and the Dragon which give name to the church, and also frescoes of Emperor Constantine the Great and his mother Helena. In addition, there are frescoes depicting San Onofrio, St. Thomas and St. Basil. they decorated with frescoes of the eleventh and twelfth centuries.
The Church of the apple has an impressive collection of frescoes, is a church with four columns and three apses, and has a large dome and eight small ones. Original frescoes coexist with iconoclastic frescoes, without representations of people or animals. The nunnery is a monastic complex of four levels, with remains of four churches inside. Other religious sites of the park are the Chapel of St. Basil and the Chapel of Santa Barbara.