Travel to Turkey
Day 5 Cappadocia - Ankara
Uchisar: What stands out most of this city is his volcanic mountain which was a troglodyte village during the Byzantine and Turkish times. This mountain is fully perforated by windows and interior tunnels. You can visit and climb to the top of the mountain where the ruins of a castle are. On the other side of this hill is the Güvercinlik Valley (or the Valley of Pigeons), which owes its name to abandoned stone houses that are used as pigeons to obtain agricultural fertilizer.
Peribacalar Vadisi is a set of very strange formations called "Fairy Chimneys". It is one of the most typical pictures of Cappadocia because in this valley are located the volcanic cones most shapely and original in form and number of the entire region of Cappadocia. Its shape is that as a result of the difference in hardness of the various volcanic layers, an then some layers were eroded faster than the others. The top layer was of a darker color, thus topping the volcanic cone and remembering the top of a chimney.
Derinkuyu underground city has seven levels deep (70 to 80 meters below the ground) and was built by the Christians in the sixth century to hide when attacked. It was excavated in the tuff with all kinds of rooms, warehouses, stables, kitchens, etc. and and got fresh air from the outside through a chimney system. These underground cities had different exit routes in case they were attacked and their access could be blocked by moving wheels of stone that covered the entrance. The city could protect thousands of people..
Ihlara Canyon was formed on one side by the land subsidence that occurred on cooling the thick lava and the other by erosion caused by the river Melendiz. The canyon has a length of 14 km, maximum depth 150 meters and is located between the villages of Ihlara and Selime. In addition to the geological phenomenon, stands the many churches excavated along the canyon. The churches near Ihlara have paintings with oriental influences while the churches near Belisirma are adorned with paintings of Byzantine type. Stands out among all of them by the conservation of his paintings the churches of Ağaçalti (church under treel), Pürenliseki, Kokar, Yilanli (Church of the Serpent), Eğritas and Kirkdamalti (Church of St. George).
Tuz gölü: On the road between Ankara and Cappadocia we pass near the salt lake of Tuz gölü. It is considered the world´s largest salt lake and the second largest lake in Turkey.
Ankara: We slept in the capital of the country.